WINE & FOOD


  • SUB-TOPICS OF WINE & FOOD PAIRING CHAPTER
    • Wine & Food
    • What is Wine & Food Pairing?
    • Pairing and the Structure of Wine
    • Pairing Wine With Food
    • Wine & Food Pairing
    • Pairing Wine With Non-Wine Stuff
    • Cooking With Wine
    • Cooking Methods
    • Kosher Wine

WHAT As FOOD


CULTURE Unlike In America Where Wine is Seen as Form of Alcohol, Wine In Europe is Seen as a Food. With a Heighten Scene of Culture Wine is Seen as an Important Food, One That is Just as Important as Vegetable or Protein.

FUNCTIONAL FOOD– Foods That Have Nutritional Value, and Beneficial Effects On One or More Body Functions. Functional Foods Improve Health and Reduce Risk of Developing Certain Diseases. According to the French Paradox Wine Would Fit Into This Category.

  • WINE & PHILOSOPHY?  Is Wine Considered a Food?”
    • Ever Since Wine Was Discovered it Has Been a Part of Meals But is it a Food. Wine Does Contain Calories, Small Amounts of Protein and Trace Amounts of Minerals.

CALORIES & WINE

  • A 5 Ounces Serving of Wine(10%Abv. to 16%Abv.) is Equal to (100-200 Calories) Depending On Alcohol Levels.
  • *Generally– Calories Derived From Alcohol, Carbohydrates and Sugars.
  • Red Wines Containing Higher Alcohol and Sweet Wines are Higher In Calories.
  • RED
    • Port– 200-225
    • Zinfandel– 131
    • Sangiovese– 128
    • Cabernet Sauvignon– 125
    • Pinot Grigio– 123
    • Syrah– 123
    • Grenache– 122
  • WHITE
    • Sauvignon Blanc– 122
    • Chardonnay– 118

Consider Wine is Liquid Food.

CARBOHYDRATES & WINE

  • 5 Ounce Serving- 4 Grams of Carbohydrates
  • Pharmacist Would Steep/ Brew, Flavor, Drinks to Cure Common Elements Such as Fever, Anxiety, Colds, Stomach Ailments.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EATING GRAPES AND WINE GRAPES

  • Grape Species
  • Skin Thickness
  • Sweetness Level
  • Grape Size
  • Grape Yields

WHAT IS WINE & FOOD PAIRING?

WINE & FOOD PAIRING OUTCOMES

  • Wine Will Overpower the Food.
  • Food Will Overpower the Wine.
  • Food and Wine Enhancement.

Goal of Wine & Food Pairing is 1+1=3.

  • Do You Want to Match Your Wine With Food or Your Food With Wine?
  • Would Your Dish Benefit From Addition of Specific Wines Marker?
  • When Looking For a Wine/ Food Pairing Consider These Attributes of the Wine:
    • Structure, Sweetness, Body, Tannins, Alcohol, Acidity

Wine Tasting Sequence– Sight, Aroma, Palate, Finish
Food Tasting Sequence– Sight, Aroma, Touch, Try, Chew, Finish

Both the Wine and the Food Should Be Good, Balanced and Able to Be Enjoyed On Their Own.

BASIC RULES FOR SYNERGY, BALANCE & HARMONY

  • Rule #1, In Wine/ Food Pairing is Your Own Personal Wine Preference Overrides All Other Rules. With All of Food Pairing Guidelines, Rules, Condition and Exceptions, It’s Always Acceptable to Mach Your Favorite Wine With Anything You Like. Look For Complementary Flavors and Complexities.
  • Red Wines  With  Red Meat   (Cabernet Sauvignon With Steak)
  • White Wines  With  White Meats  (Pinot Gris With Chicken)
  • Red Wines  With  Red Sauces  (Sangiovese With Pomodoro)
  • White Wines  With White Sauces  (Chardonnay With Alfredo)

As a Wine Sommelier You Should Always Be Thinking About What Wine Pairs Well With What Food or Dishes.


PAIRING And The STRUCTURE Of A WINE

BODY

  • Weight  Needs  Weight
  • Intensity. Needs  Intensity
    • (Sweetness, Tans, Body, +Above)

SUGER

  • Sweet  Needs  Sweet
  • Sweet  Loves  Salty
  • Pair Dessert Wines with Richer, Intensely Sweet and Robust Flavors
    (Pecan Pie, Almond Tort, Nut, Carmel)

ALCOHOL

  • +ABV.  Balances  Weight/ Body

ACID

  • Acid  Balances  Rich/ Fatty  (Dishes Must Exceed Acid of Food)
  • Acid  Cuts  Fat
  • Acid  Needs Acid   (Compatible)
  • Acid  Love  Fish  (Oily Fish)
  • Acid  Cuts  Salt

TANNINS

  • Tannins  Love  Fat
  • Tannins  Hate  Cheese/ Fish/ Acid
  • Fruit  Hide  Tannins/  Tannins  Hide  Fruit
  • Sweetness Takes the Edge of Tannins, Tannins Take Edge of Sweetness.

SPICE

  • Spicy  Hate  +ABV.
  • Spicy  Loves  Sugar

Having a Wine With Enough Power to Clean Your Palate From the Previous Bite and Allow You to Enjoy the Next Bite.

CONSIDERATION- Textural, Weight
CONTRASTING
COMPLEMENTARY

INGREDIENTS

 

DEGREE Of COOKING/ IMPACT LEVEL ON The FOOD

  • Steam
  • Boil
  • Broil
  • Blackening

SAUCES & CONDIMENTS

 

SIDES

Eat What You Want to Eat, Drink What You Want to Drink


PAIRING WINE & FOOD

WINE & CLASSIC PAIRINGS

  • Beef Bourguignon With Red Burgundy
  • Blue Cheese With Port
  • Chicken Salad With Gruner Veltliner
  • Fish & Chips With
  • Hamburgers With Malbec
  • Moo She Pork With Riesling
  • Mussels With Muscadet
  • Oysters With Chablis
  • Pulled Pork With Petite Syrah
  • Red Tomato Sauce With Sangiovese
  • Salmon With Pinot Noir
  • Steak With Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Truffles With Nebbiolo

WINE & VEGETARIAN PAIRINGS

  • Asparagus With Sauvignon Blanc
  • Mushrooms With ?
  • Egg Plant With ?

WINE & ADVENTUROUS PAIRINGS

  • Vanilla Ice Cream  With  Pedro Ximenez Sherry

PAIRING WINES WITH COMMON CUISINES

  • Asian  With  Chenin Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Riesling, Sparking Wine
  • Chinese  With  Gewürztraminer, Riesling
  • Greek  With  Agiorgitiko, Assyriko, Moscofilero, Xinomavro
  • Indian  With   Chenin Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Sparkling Wine
  • Japanese  With  Chenin Blanc, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Sparkling Wine
  • Mexican  With  Riesling, Sparkling Wine, Zinfandel
  • Middle East  With  Gamay, Pinot Noir, Rose
  • USA. BBQ.  With  Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Riesling(Sweet), Zinfandel
  • Thai  With  Gewürztraminer, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc

FAST FOOD & WINE PAIRINGS

  • French Fries  With  Sparkling Wine
  • Onion Rings  With  Pinot Blanc
  • Fried Chicken  With  Chardonnay(Buttery)
  • Pizza  With  Chianti
  • Hot Dogs  With
  • Hamburger  With  Zinfandel
  • Hard Carnitas Tacos  With  Tempranillo
  • Cheesy Puffs  With  Chenin Blanc

WINE & CHEESE PAIRINGS

  • **Refer to “CHEESE & WINE/ Pairing Wine With Cheese” For Detailed Information.

FOODS THAT DON’T PAIR WELL WITH WINE

  • Artichokes Asparagus Leafy Green Vegetables Eggs
  • Chiles Garlic & Onions White Wine Vinegar

MEDITATION WINE- A Wine That You Can Drink by Itself Without Food as Opposed to a Wine Style Meant to Be Enjoyed With Food.

PAIRING WINE WITH NON-FOOD

  • Sunshine With Sauvignon Blanc
  • Fireplaces With Port
  • Celebration With Champagne

COOKING WITH WINE

GENERAL INFORMATION

  • Wine Used In Cooking Loses Much of Its Alcoholic Strength as it’s Heated. Leaving the Remaining Wine Components to Blend With those In the Dish.
  • When Wine is Reduced, Components Such as Residual Sugar and Acidity Become Prevalent, and Adds Depth and Dimension to Dish.
  • The Earlier the Wine is Introduced into the Cooking Process the More Alcohol Evaporates.
  • Wine is Often Added to Dished to Provided Texture in the Form of Acidity or Tannin.
  • After Alcohol is Burned Off What’s Left is the Grapes Primary Flavors Profiles. Certain Grapes or Wines Primary Flavors Can Enhance a Dish Either as a Similar-Flavor or Contrasting-Flavor Way.
  • When Using Fortified Wines in Cooking Be Aware of the Inherent Elevated Alcohol Levels and That Some of These Fortified Wines Come In Sweet and Dry Versions.
  • Wine Has a Boiling Point of 175* While Water Has a Boiling Point of 212*.

PRIMARY FLAVOR PROFILES

Still Wines  (White)

  • Chardonnay– Apple, Pear, Melon
  • Sauvignon Blanc– Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Herbal, Vegetal

Still Wines  (Red)

  • Cabernet Sauvignon– Blackcurrant, Cassis Bell Pepper
  • Pinot Noir– Cherry, Mushroom
  • Merlot– Red Plum
  • Zinfandel– Blackberry

Fortified Wines

  • Port
  • Sherry
  • Madeira
  • Marsala

COOKING METHODS

DEGLAZING Adding a Wine to a Sauce-Pan to Loosen and Dissolve Food Remnant (Fond) that are Stuck to Bottom of the Pan After Sautéed or Roasting Something. The Flavorful Mixture Produced by Deglazing can Then be Used to Make a Sauce. (White Vermouth)

MARINADE A Liquid That you Soak Foods, Particularly Meats in Before Cooking. A Marinade Adds Flavor to Foods and Makes Them More Tender by Beginning the Breakdown Process of Cooking. The seasoning You Add to a Marinade are Carried Into the Food by Use of an Acidic Ingredient In the Marinade Like Vinegars or Fruit Juices.

COURT-BOUILLON For Cooking Fish, Shellfish, White Meat

  • Herbs, Spices, Infused with White Wine and Water in Food is Poached In.

STOCK Wine and Water to Provide Essential Base for Soup and Sauces

  • Red Wine for Game, White Wine for Fish, Chicken)

SAUCES A Liquid or Semi-Liquid Dressing or Condiment Served as an Accompaniment to or an Ingredient In a Dish or Recipe.

  • Bordelaise– Red Wine and Shallots
  • Sauce Robert- White Wine, Mustard, Onion
  • Periqueux– Madera, Veal Stock, Truffles
  • Cuisine Bourgeoise- Acidic Wine
  • Ravigote
  • Jellies
    DESSERTS=
    *MARSALA- Dry- Used for Savory Dishes, Adds Nutty Flavor and Caramelization. (Beef Tenderloin, Veal, Turkey, Chicken, Mushrooms.)
    Sweet- Used for Sweet Viscous Sauce

All Great Wines Drinks Well by Themselves Without Food.

COOKING WITH PORT

  • White Ports Are Used For Sauces.
  • Ruby Ports Are Used For Marinating Meats (Goats, Wild Boar) 1-3 Days.
  • Sediments From Ports Are Used as Rubs Prior to Grilling.

KOSHER WINE

KOSHER WINE- Wine That’s Produced Under the Supervision of a Rabbi and According to Judaism Religious Laws and Said to Be Ritually Pure or Clean.

  • VITICULTURE
    • Tradition of “Shittah” “The Sabbatical Year”, Dictates That Vineyards Must Be Allowed to Rest Every Seven Years.
  • VINICULTURE
    • No Animal Products (Gelatins, Egg Whites, or Dairy Based Agents)
    • No Finning or Clarifying of the Wine.
    • Made and Supervised by Sabbath Observing Jew…Created, Bottled, Opened Handled and Poured Only by Jews.
    • If a Non-Jew or a Non-Sabbath Observant Jew Touches the Wine Even Accidentally It Can’t Be Considered Kosher and Therefor Can’t Be Consumed by Someone Who Follows Kosher Dietary Law.
    • Mevushal Wine- Wine Made Properly But Handled by Non-Jews. Wine Would be Boiled Making It “Morally Sterilized”. Mevushal Wines Can Be Shared by Non-Jews and Non-Observers of Jewish Faith.
  • OLD WORLD
    • Estate/ Producers– (Israel)– Barkan, Binyamina, Golan, Segal, Shiloh, Teperberg, Tulip, Yarden
      • (The World)– Laurent-Perrier(Champagne, France), Pascal Bouchard(Chablis, France), Cellar Capcanes(MontsantSpain), Bartenura, Terra de Seta(Italy), Lascombes, Malartic-Lagraviere(Bordeaux, France), Roubine(Provence, France)
  • NEW WORLD– Weinstock, Baron Herzog, Hagafen(USA.), Goose Bay(New Zealand)
  • CULTURE
    • PIONEERS~Philip Herzog~ Slovakian Winemaker Who’s Wines Were Coveted By the Rules of The Austro-Hungarian Empire.
    • FESTIVALS~ ~Kosher Food and Wine Experience~ (February, Los Angeles)

Important Eating/ Table Grape of the World

  • WHITE= Autumn Crisp, Early, Prime, Sugraone, Sundance, Thompson, Victoria, Waltham Cross
  • RED= Allison, Autumn Royal, Bohneur, Crimson, Flame, Flavor Pops, Globe, Gum Drops, Krissy, La Rochelle, Magenta, Melody, Midnight Black, Midnight Beauty, Moon Drops, Sable, Starlight, Sunred, Sonera, Tear Drops


**Refer to “BIBLIOGRAPHY/ Sources” For Details On Scholarly Works Referenced.